Dr. Makoni is Associate Professor African Studies and Applied Linguistics at The Pennsylvania State University. He is a Pan-Africanist and has worked in a number of institutions in Africa. Prior to Penn State, Dr. Makoni was the Dubois-Mandela-Rodney Fellow at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He has extensive professional experience in Southern Africa, including Chair of Linguistics at the University of the Western Cape and Associate Professor of Language and Literature at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. He was also a faculty member at Long Island University. He is the former president of the Southern African Applied Linguistics Association, an Executive Board member of the International Applied Linguistics Association, and the co-chair of African Applied Linguistics and Literacy. Some of his publications include a monograph on “Colonial and Postcolonial Language Policies in the Sudan” (2011, Current Issues in Language Planning 2011), “Language and Ageing in Multilingual Contexts” (2005, Multilingual Matters). He has published in Language in Society, Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, The Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, and Language Sciences. Dr. Makoni is a native of Southern Africa, completed his undergraduate work in Ghana, and holds a Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
My primary research interests are Arabization in the Sudan, naming practices during peace and war times, multilingualism and terrorism in southern Africa, and gerontology and multilingualism. I focus on the socio-historical construction of colonial linguistics and postcolonial urban languages, anthropological approaches to health and aging in multilingual communities, police communication, discourses of militarization and terrorism, and the sociolinguistics of Arabic.
Abdellay, Ascharaff and Makoni, S. A historical and contemporary analysis of language policy in the Sudan. Current Issues in Language Planning.
Makoni, S., Dube Busi and Mashiri Pedzisai 2007. Colonial and postcolonial Language Policies in Zimbabwe. Current Issues in Language Planning.
Makoni, S. and Pennycook Alastair, P. eds. 2006. Disinventing and Reconstituting Languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
de Bot Kees and Makoni, S. 2005. Language and aging in multilingual settings. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Makoni, S.. Smitherman Geneva, Arnetha Ball and Arthur Spears eds. 2003. Black linguistics, language, society and politics in Africa and the Americas. London: Routledge.
Makoni, S. and Stroken Koen eds. 2002. Aging in Africa: sociolinguistic and anthropological approaches. London: Ashgate.
Ridge Stanley, S., M. and Ridge Stanley eds. 2001. Freedom and discipline: Essays in applied linguistics from southern Africa. New Delhi: Bahri Publishers.
Makoni, S. and Kamwangamalu Nkonko eds. 2001. Language and Institutions in Africa. Cape Town: Centre for the Advanced Studies of African Societies.
Makoni, S. 2001. Improving teaching and learning in higher education in South Africa. Johannesburgh: Witwatersrand University Press.
Makoni, S. 2013. "Discourses of terror: the US from the viewpoint of the 'other.'" Applied Linguistics Review. 4(1): 23-42.
Makoni, S. 2011. “A Critical Analysis of the Historical and Contemporary Status of Minority Languages in Zimbabwe.” Current Issues in Language Planning 12 (3).
Makoni, S. 2011. “Sociolinguistics, Colonial and Postcolonial: An Integrationist Perspective.” Language Sciences 33 (4).
Abdelhay, A., M. Busi, and M. Sinfree. 2011. “The Naivasha Language Policy: The Language of Politics and the Politics of Language in the Sudan.” Language Policy 10 (2):1–18.
Busi, M., S. Makoni, and C. Pfukwa. 2010. “Language Planning, Language Ideology, Entextualization: War Naming Practices. Names: A Journal of Onomastics 12:197–208.
Makoni, S., M. Busi, and A. Rosenberg Aaron. 2010. “Wordy Worlds of Music: Implications for Language in Education.” Language Education and Identity 9 (1):1–10.
Makoni, B., S. Makoni, and N. Nyika. 2009. “Language Planning from Below: The Case of Tonga in Zimbabwe.” Current Issues in Language Planning 9 (4):413–439.
Makoni, S. 2008. “Aging in Africa: A Critical Review.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 23 (2):199–209.
Ramanathan, V. and S. Makoni. 2007. “Bringing the Body Back: The (Mis) Languaging of Bodies in Bio-Medical, Societal and Poststructuralist Discourses on Diabetes and Epilepsy. The International Journal of Critical Language Studies 4 (4):283–306.
Makoni, B., S. Makoni, and M. Pedzisai. 2007. “Naming Practices and Language Planning.” Current Issues in Language Planning 8 (3):437–467.
Makoni, S., D. Busi, and M. Pedzisai. 2007. Colonial and Postcolonial Language Policies in Zimbabwe. Current Issues in Language Planning 7 (3): 1–38.
Makoni, S. 2007. “I’m starving with no hope to survive.” International Multilingual Research Journal. 13:105–119.
Giles, Howard, and Makoni, S. 2007. “Intergenerational communication beliefs across the lifespan: comparative data from India.” Communication Reports 202:75–89.
Makoni, S., Brutt–Griffler, Janina and Mashiri Pedzisai 2007. “The use of urban and indigenous languages in Zimbabwe.” Journal of Language in Society 36:1–36.
Christopher Hajek, Valerie Barker, Howard Giles, S., M. , Loretta Pechunni, Johan Louw–Poutgieter and Paul Meyer 2006. “Communicative dynamics of police – civilian encounters: American and African data.” Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. 35:161–182.
Giles Howard, S., M. and Dailey Rene 2006. “Intergenerational communication beliefs across the life span: Comparative data from Ghana and South Africa.” Journal of Cross–Cultural Gerontology. 2030:191–211.
Makoni, S. and Kamwangamalu Nkonko. 2006. “Ethnicity –an entry for the Encyclopedia of Languages and Linguistics. 2nd edition.
Pennycook, Alastair and S., M. 2005. “The Modern Mission: the language effects of Christianity.” Journal of Language, Identity and Education 42:137–155.
Makoni, S. and Meinhof Ulrike 2004. Western perspectives on applied linguistics in sub–Saharan Africa. AILA Review 40 17: 77–105.
Gass Susan and S., M. eds. 2004. World perspectives on applied linguistics: celebrating AILA’s 40th anniversary issue. AILA Review 1–4.
Makoni, S. and Meinhof Ulrike 2004. Western perspectives in Applied Linguistics in Africa. AILA Review 40, 77–104.
Makoni, S. and Ulrike Meinhof 2003. Introducing applied linguistics in Africa. AILA Review 16: 1–12.
Makoni, S. and Grainger Karen 2003. “Comparative gerontolinguistics: a study into caring discourses in nursing homes in South Africa and the United Kingdom.” Journal of Social Issues 584: 805–825.
Makoni, S. and Pedzisai Mashiri 2005. “The pragmatic import of pronouns in Shona discourse.” Per Linguam 142.: 13–25.
Makoni, S. and Makoni Busi in press. “The discursive construction of the female body in family planning pamphlets.” In Vaidehi Ramanathan and P. McPherron ed. Language, Bodies and Health. Mouton De Gruyter.
Makoni, S. 2011. Reflecting. In Morrison, Andrew ed. Inside Multimodal Composition. Hampton Press.
S., M. and Pennycook Alastair 2011. From monolingualism to Multilingualism and Back again. In Marilyn Martin–Jones, Adrian Blackledge, Angela Creese eds. The Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism.
Makoni, Busi, Makoni, S. and Pennycook, Alastair 2010. “On Speaking multilanguages: urban lingos and fluid Multilingualism.” In Cuvelier, P. Theodorus Du Plessis, Michael Meeuwis, Vanderkerckhove, R. and Webb, V. eds. Cape Town: Van Schaik Publishers.
Abdehhay Asharf, Makoni Busi and S., M. 2010. “The politics of linguistic indigenousness in the Sudan.” In Spaulding ed. Sudan wars and peace Agreements. Routledge, Taylor and Francis.
Makoni Busi and S., M. 2010. “Multilingual Discourses on Wheels: a case for Vague Linguistique.” In J. Maybin and J. Swaan eds. Routledge Companion to English Language Studies. London: London Open University Press.
Makoni, S.. and Trudell Barbra. 2009. “African Perspectives on linguistic diversity implications for language policy and education”. In Jo Anne Kleifgen and George .C.Bond. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Makoni, S. and Dube, S. 2009. “English and education in Anglophone Africa: Historical and current realities.”M. Wong and S. Canagarajah eds. Christianity and English Language Teaching: Cultural, Political, Pedagogical and Professional Tensions.
Makoni, S. and Meinhof, Ulrike 2006. “Ethno–applied linguistics: deconstructing language. In New ways of doing and theorizing applied linguistics ed. Paulo– Moitalopes. p.191–211.
Makoni, S. and Pennycook Alastair 2005. “Disinventing and reconstituting language.” Anthologized in Language and Politics ed. John Joseph. London: Routledge.
Makoni, S.. and Stroeken Koen 2002. Towards Trans–Disciplinary Studies on Aging in Africa. In Makoni, S. and Koen Stroeken eds. Ageing in Africa: sociolinguistic and Anthropological approaches. London: Ashgate pp.1–21.
Devisch Rene, S., M. and Koen Stroeken 2002. African gerontology: critical models and future directions. In Makoni, S. and Koen Stroeken eds. Ageing in Africa: sociolinguistic and anthropological approaches. London: Ashgate pp.279–287.
Ferreira, Monica and S., M. 2002. Towards a cultural and linguistic construction of dementia in an urban African population. In Makoni, S. and Koen Stroeken eds..Ageing in Africa: sociolinguistic and anthropological approaches. London: Ashgate pp.21–43.
Makoni, S. and Spears Arthur 2002.Introduction: toward Black linguistics. In Makoni, S. et al. Black linguistics, language, society and politics in Africa and the Americas. London: Ashgate pp.32–153.
Makoni, S. 2002. From misinvention to disinvention: an approach to multilingualism. In Makoni, S. et al: 1. Black linguistics, language, society and politics in Africa and the Americas. London: Ashgate pp.32–153.
Makoni, S. 2002. An argument for renting and not owning English. In Sarajeive, D ed. English in Transition. Cape Town: Jutas Press pp.34–52.
Makoni, S. 1998. In the beginning was the missionary’s word: the European invention of African languages: the case of Shona in Zimbabwe. In Prah, Kwesi ed. Between extinction and distinction: the harmonization and standardization of African languages. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press pp.157–165.
Makoni, S. 1998. New Englishes: some historic, economic, political and linguistic influences. In Julie, Cyril, and Dirk Meerkotter eds. Let the voices be heard. Cape Town: Wyvern pp.178–194.
Makoni, S. 1998. Shifts in discourse in language research in South Africa. In Kwesi Prah ed. Knowledge in Black and White. Cape Town: Centre for the Advanced Studies of African Societies pp.30–42.